In this article, I will explain on first aid on cats and dogs, what you should and shouldn’t do.
Since I am the owner of both a cat and a dog, This subject is really important to me and so I have decided to research it and came up with this article.
The purpose of the information included in this article is to enable the provision of primary medical treatment to the animal and is not intended to replace a veterinarian’s examination. This information will allow you to perform First aid on cats and dogs and by doing so, to minimize potential complications of your pet’s injury and allow for faster recovery.
It is important to remember that when the animal is injured or frightened it may change its behavior. Thus, a nice cat or pet dog can become a biting and scratching animal. Therefore, if necessary, use a mouth barrier, and sometimes a towel or gloves, to pass the animals to a veterinarian on duty. If possible, move it in a carrier cage. It is important not to panic and try to calm the animal as much as possible. If the animal is lying down and unable to stand on its own, it is best to place it slightly diagonally with the head tilted downward to reduce the possibility of suffocation.
The most important goal of first aid on cats and dogs and medical care is “do not cause harm”, so if you are not sure what to do consult your veterinarian.
Do not use home remedies to treat the animal. Many medications (such as paracetamol) are highly toxic to your pets.
Wounds, cuts, and bleeding- are usually caused by sharp objects such as metal or glass fragments.
You can try to stop the bleeding by direct pressure of a few minutes on the affected area. You can also use gauze or a clean bandage. It is not recommended to try to bandage the damaged limb or use a vein barrier for fear of damage to the blood supply.
However, if the bleeding seems significant, from leg or tail, which does not stop after a few minutes pressure can be tied to it by a compressive bandage or a tourniquet.
It is important to know that this bandage can prevent proper blood supply to the organ, so it is important to get to the vet for further treatment.
If the animal is injured in a road accident or falls from a height, the animal must be examined by a veterinarian even if superficial wounds are seen, due to the risk of internal bleeding or damage to internal organs.
Bite wounds – You can wash the wound with water to keep the area clean and try to stop the bleeding if any.
It is important to know that in many cases of bite wounds can be seen only the external injury to the skin and not internal injuries.
For this reason, the animal must be examined by a veterinarian to assess its condition, and bite wounds are considered to be highly contaminated by the bacteria living in the animal’s oral cavity.
First aid on cats and dogs in cases of:
Burns – In cases of small burns, rinse and cool the area with cold water (do not place ice directly on the skin). If necessary you can use the “Silverol” cream (only in the same area the dog or cat can not lick). In cases of extensive burns, the animal must be treated by a veterinarian
Vomiting in dogs and cats – can be caused by many different conditions such as ingestion of foreign bodies, spoiled food, replacement of food type to a new type, systemic diseases, infections of the digestive system and other factors.
If there is only a few vomiting, and the animal is alert, a home-based treatment attempt can be made: Avoid food and water for several hours, and then gradually start with small amounts of water and easy to digest food (such as cooked rice or cottage cheese). If the vomiting does not return, the animal can be returned to its normal food within a day or two.
In cases of multiple vomiting, the animal can dry even in a short time. In these cases, it is important to treat dehydration by giving subcutaneous fluids or directly to the vein.
In cases of vomiting accompanied by a suspicion of swallowing a foreign body or vomiting accompanied by deterioration of the general condition of the animal, the animal must be checked by a veterinarian to prevent worsening of the condition and treat the cause of vomiting.
Diarrhea – This is a condition that usually passes by itself and does not require treatment by a veterinarian. it is important to encourage the dog or cat to drink so it will not dry. It is recommended to give easy digestion foods such as cottage cheese or “tanned” chicken (without skin and bones). It is not recommended to try to treat with people’s drugs such as Imodium. In cases of severe diarrhea, watery or bloody the animal should be treated with veterinary care to prevent dehydration by giving fluids, sometimes antibiotics will also be required.
Poisoning – If you know of swallowing a substance known as poisonous, immediately contact an emergency veterinarian or a veterinary hospital for treatment that causes vomiting. This can reduce the risk of toxin absorption and poisoning.
If the animal itself vomits a substance suspected of being poison, the contents of the vomit should be collected (with gloves to prevent injury to you) and brought to the veterinarian. Sometimes this can help identify the poison and allow for immediate treatment.
There are many substances that can cause poisoning. These include Antihypertensives for dogs and highly toxic to cats (such as Adventics), medicines such as paracetamol, detergents and even food products such as onion, garlic, chocolate, grapes, and raisins. Certain plants such as a white lily can be toxic to cats.
Spasms – Spasms are uncontrollable convulsions or tremors during which the dog or cat usually lies on its side and is not conscious, and some seizures sometimes show a lack of control over the needs.
The seizures have many causes: head trauma, poisoning, heat stroke, epilepsy and more.
In case of convulsions on the animal to be tested by a veterinarian to try to diagnose the cause and prevent seizures, in cases of recurrence, it is recommended to consider a veterinarian (a veterinarian specializing in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system).
If the seizure lasts for more than a few minutes, the veterinarian should immediately be reached for treatment to stop the seizure, since a long spasm can Cause brain damage.
Foreign body in the eye – If there is a suspicion that there is a foreign body in the eye of a dog or cat, you can try to gently separate between the eyelids with the thumb and forefinger. If you can see the foreign body you can try to gently remove it or wash it with water. If it is stuck, do not try to pull it out or force it! This can cause severe damage to the cornea.
Keep your dog or cat from scratching their eye (you can try to wrap the feet in socks or improvise an “Elizabethan” collar). The animal should be quickly examined by a veterinarian, and sometimes anesthesia or blurring is necessary to remove the foreign body.
I hope that you find “First aid on cats and dogs” article useful, And I wish you and your pet that you will never have to use it.
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