I love to travel in the desert, and I want to share with you what do you need to survive in the desert in case that you too like to travel or planning a desert trip.
The desert is one of the most problematic areas in terms of survival for the following reasons:
– Very heavy heat load and lack of shade during the day speed up the process of warming the body and the risk of Hyperthermia and dehydration to a very dangerous one.
– A significant minority – and sometimes total lack – of available water resources.
– Very high-temperature differences between day and night with a chance of significant colds after dark.
– a minority of food sources (however, this is a secondary problem because the risk of dying from dehydration due to water shortage is much higher than the chance of starving to death).
– an area that can be very large, making it difficult to reach points of shelter and water and/or return to civilization
-Sandstorms that can damage both the body’s organs (such as the eyes and the respiratory system) and the ability to navigate.
It is not always worth walking in the desert when it is hot outside. But if you do, you must know the terrain and what you can do with it.
Here are a few desert survival tips to help you save yourself in case that you get caught in the wrong place at the wrong time. By the way, even if you never find yourself in the desert, the knowledge from this blog will arrange you to be the center of the meeting with the guys, and that’s worth it, isn’t it?
What Do You Need To Survive In The Desert
Water sources – The safest way to identify them is if there is any vegetation. Apart from the oasis, you can find an
area that comes with vegetation, preferably as dense as possible. If such an area is found, it is possible to dig under a plant and at some depth to reach a source of water.
Other sources of liquids are plants and tubers. However, you can drink these fluids only if you know the plant and know it is worth using. Drinking liquids from stems or tubers of unidentified plants can cause high-risk poisoning and pose an immediate risk of life.
Another option for obtaining liquids is by evaporation if there is a sheet of nylon – you can spread the sheet, stretch it, and wait for water drops to gather on the bottom side.
You can read more about ways to purify water for drinking in my article here.
learn how to light a campfire!
Burning may be necessary for cooking (boiling water from a dubious source, roasting raw meat), heating or signaling to rescue teams. If a fire is needed, it is preferable to use a burner that will cause minimal physical effort to prevent dehydration.
Likely options are the use of fuel (if there is a vehicle) or the concentration of the sun’s rays through a lens (such as magnifying glass or glasses), you can also gather twigs, roots and … also animal dung as Combustible materials.
Although it seems to you that the desert is hot, there are nights when it can be dangerously cold and therefore the establishment of a campfire is an asset in the desert nights. What’s more, the fire marks your position if you get lost.
If the fire is lit to signal rescuers, the fire must be as smoky as possible to increase the chance of being found. In this case, i
t is preferable to light several fires a few dozen meters apart (for example, in the form of a triangle) and to use combustible materials (such as tires, plastic, etc.).
Do not waste sweat!
We did not get confused.
It is true that water is a very precious liquid in the desert and must be preserved, and therefore we must ensure that we do not lose fluids from the body. That is, keep the body temperature as low as possible, and not be in the sun or do any unnecessary activity.
If you can arrange a shade From clothes, boards, etc., try adjusting it so that air will cool down the temperature.
Do not hunt!
Although you would like to come back with heroic stories about your pursuit of a huge rabbit or lizard, you should not try to hunt at all. The energy you spend in pursuit is more expensive than the food you might get. A person can last up to three weeks (!) Without food, but little without water. So it is best to keep the water inside the body so we can last longer.
You may be very tired, but do not give in and lie on the ground/sand. The earth can be much warmer than the surrounding air, so you will create a partition between you and the ground. If you’re stuck with the vehicle, take out what you can to create a barrier to the ground and shadow from the sun. Try to be as remote as possible from the ground, even half a meter or more.
Even though it’s hot and the sun is down, it may seem like a good idea to take off clothes to cool down a bit. So no.
You will do a lot more damage if you expose your skin to the sun without protection – and clothes, at the moment, they are your best defense. Both because of burns and because it speeds up dehydration. So do not take off clothes in the desert!
Although it’s dry, one of the dangers of deserts is sudden floods. So to avoid it, especially during sleep, it is better to pre-search for a high place to sleep in it. In the US, for example, more people die in the desert by drowning than dehydration.
In case that people know where you went and are waiting for you to return, the safest option is to stay in place, find shelter and wait for the rescue. Trying to extricate yourself can be very dangerous because of the risk of getting lost and dry to death.
Navigation – In case that you have decided to move in any direction in an attempt to reach civilization, navigation in the desert can be very dangerous. Movement direction can be detected by identifying the west (sunset), the east (by sunrise) or the north (by identifying the north star at dark).
General knowledge And Myth Busters:
Myth 1 – Drinking Cactus Water
Do not drink cactus!
If you get stuck in an average American desert, there is a rumor that says that in order to be saved in the desert, you can drink fluids out of the cactus.
So no, it is impossible!!
The truth is that the water inside the cactus is not pure enough and in many cases even toxic.
Myth 2 – drinking urine will save lives
Under desert conditions – drinking urine will save lives
Why suffer just Because you’ve seen it in some movie? Do me a favor, do not believe everything you see.
In a state of survival in the desert, the mechanism of temperature regulation in the body is in a precarious state. When you are on the verge of exhaustion, do not add extra tasks to your body that should focus on regulating body temperature.
When you drink urine, your kidneys are forced to process it and this may disrupt the body cooling mechanism.
Myth 3 – You can light a fire with two sticks
It’s cool in movies, but less in real life. It is true that our ancestors apparently managed to light a fire with sticks, but in practice, it is a difficult task, even if the conditions outside are excellent and there is no drop of wind.
In the end, friction sticks will not provide you with a quick and easy solution.
When going into the desert, equip yourself with various means to light a fire, such as matches and a lighter.
Myth 3 – Look for a food source immediately
The truth is that humans can survive weeks without food as long as they have water. Our body stores fats precisely for such situations of scarcity.
Activities such as hunting and searching for food often do not produce positive results and ultimately you only waste energy and risk yourself with injuries and illness.
The chances of dying from hunger are significantly lower than the chances of dying from injuries, poisoning, and disease.
Myth 4 – In the case of snake bites – suck the venom
In a case of a snake bite, the venom enters the bloodstream immediately. Trying to suck the venom will not help. It can mainly transfer bacteria from the mouth to the wound.
Of course, poison in the mouth and esophagus is not a pleasant or recommended experience.
it’s important to avoid unnecessary movement, don’t strain the affected area, in order to keep the heart rate low.
So blood flow remains low and the venom will not spread to the rest of the body.
Thanks for reading “What Do You Need To Survive In The Desert” article.
Make sure not to go to the desert without knowing this!
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